How To Maintain A Sump Pump for Your Home

Last Updated on April 7, 2022 by Bonnie C. Welling

The sump pump in your house operates effectively and discreetly in the shadows for most of the while. Because groundwater is abundant in many places, the sump pump’s frequent on and off noises blend in with the background noise of your daily routine.

Knowing where your sump pump is, what it does, and most importantly, how to manage it are all critical to maintaining your home in good condition. This post will show you how to maintain a sump pump for your home to assist you in this endeavor.

A Sump Pump

A sump pump is a tiny, electrically powered water pump in a sump pit. In order to operate, the pump must be immersed in water. The sump pump autonomously activates whenever the level of water in the sump pit hits a specific threshold. The pump shuts off when the water level falls too low. The sump pump acts as a watchdog, keeping watch over your home round the clock, seven days a week.

Sump Pump

The function of Sump Pumps

Evacuates Normal Groundwater

The first and most crucial benefit of a sump pump is that it regularly removes groundwater infiltration from your property. For the most part, sump pumps are used for this. Once a sump pump kicks on, there’s nothing to be alarmed about; the pump is only performing its job, after all.

Groundwater entering the home from beneath or the side is directed to a sump basin by a pump, where it is discharged into the environment.

Removes Floodwaters

When there is an unforeseen water occurrence, a sump pump may be used to remove significant amounts of water. A high-quality sump pump is certified for drainage flow between 4,500 and 5,000 gallons per hour.

Theoretically, a severe incident like a small flood or a burst water supply line may cause your home’s sump pump to discharge water. This seldom occurs in reality. The primary function of a sump pump is to cope with periodic groundwater infiltration.

How and When to Service the Sump Pump

How and When to Service the Sump Pump

Sump pumps should be checked and maintained at the very minimum once per year. Sump pumps are vital to a well-functioning house, so make sure to inspect them multiple times yearly.

Groundwater levels often increase in early spring as a result of causes such as melting and winter precipitation. Therefore, the best time to service your sump pump is late winter or early spring.

Type of soil and regional pumping activities may also have an impact on underground water flow. Changes in moisture may also have an impact on groundwater flow. Because of this, you must inspect your sump pump often.

When it comes to sump pumps, the quality of your electrical interconnection is crucial. It doesn’t matter whether the pump is in perfect operating order; the circuit breaker for the pump will not switch on. Keeping an eye on the GFCI outlets and the circuit breaker is a smart idea at all times.

Maintaining Sump Pump

Managing clear downspouts, correcting foundation fissures, and placing window well coverings are just a few actions you can perform. When all other measures fail, the sump pump would be your last line of protection against basement flooding. It’s for this reason that sump pump upkeep is so critical!

Understanding the Functions of Your Sump Pump

Knowing your sump pump thoroughly is the first step in sump pump upkeep. The manuals for your new sump pump should be kept someplace secure and easily reachable. For the sake of convenience, some individuals store a digital duplicate on their smartphone or computer.

Inspect your sump pump’s motor to check whether the product code is written there if you don’t know. If this is the case, the pump’s manufacturer should be your first port of call. You should be aware of the unit’s estimated lifespan, where to purchase new components, and any current faults to keep an eye out for a while maintaining it.

Regularly Monitor the Sump Pump

Your cellar might flood at any time, so it’s best to perform sump pump service every month to make sure it’s still operating properly. Just ensure that the sump pump is powered and then fill the sump basin with water. Monitor the pump’s operation and make a note of any strange sounds that you may notice.

Understand the Symptoms of a Faulty Sump Pump

Whenever your sump pump isn’t working properly, there are a few things to watch out for. Among them are:

  • There may be worn-out components in the pump if it makes strange sounds.
  • If you hear rustling or crunching sounds, this might be an indication of an impeller that is stuck or broken.
  • The high vibration of the motor may indicate that the impeller has been twisted or warped.
  • There might be an issue with the inner cabling if the sump pump is switching on & off randomly while it should be working.
  • A failing sump pump might be the result of an oil leak.

You should contact a professional right away if you see any of these signs since your sump pump may need professional repair or perhaps replacement.

Thoroughly Cleanse Your Sump Pump and Pit Periodically

The hygiene of a sump pump & sump basin is of the utmost importance. In addition, it enhances the service life and improves the productivity of your device. In order to properly clean the sump pump & pit, below are four steps:

  1. To prevent water from entering the sump hole, disconnect the sump pump and ensure that nobody is running any devices that discharge water into the pit, like washing machines.
  2. Using a yard hose, wash the pump well. Then, using a plastic spatula or a plaster knife, scrape away any smudged material.
  3. The sump pit may be cleaned using a wet vac.
  4. Make sure that the pump is completely dry before reinstalling it and plugging it back into the power supply.

Ensure Proper Coverage of Equipment

Ensure Proper Coverage of Equipment

With a sump pump lid, you can avoid bigger dirt, lint, and silt from entering the sump hole. As often as feasible, the lid should fit securely over the sump pump, leaving just a few openings for the cables, support, and drainage tube. There is no guarantee that you won’t have to cleanse the sump hole, but it will be much easier to do so if it is securely sealed.

Sump Pump and Pit Maintenance

Inspect the Drainage Line

An issue with your drainage lines, rather than a malfunction with your sump pump, may lead water to flow slowly from your sump hole occasionally. Combined with verifying the operation of your sump pump, you should also examine your drainage lines and attempt to clear any noticeable obstructions.


Groundwater and rains can’t seep into your basement thanks to a sump pump, an essential part of your house. Like any other household system or equipment, a sump pump requires routine maintenance to remain in good working order. There are several strategies to avoid basement leaking. It is hoped that this information on how to maintain a sump pump for your home will be useful.

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